Root Vegetable Nutrition

Healthy Foods



What are Root Vegetables? - Health Benefits, Nutrition and Vitamins
The definition of root vegetables is an edible plant where the roots are used as vegetables - basically, root vegetables are vegetables grown underground. There are starchy root vegetables which form an important part of a main meal and are often eaten on a daily basis - for example tubers, and in particular the ordinary potato which is one of the world's most popular root vegetables. Root vegetables usually form a very substantial part of a meal as they are often heavy and filling - particularly nutritious and healthy! Root vegetables are sometimes known as favourite, traditional winter vegetables or spring vegetables, as these are the seasons in which many are grown and ready to eat.

Christmas Vegetables - Health Benefits, Nutrition and Vitamins of Root Veg
Root vegetables recipes are often used at Christmas and Thanksgiving, and will usually be used to accompany turkey for the main celebration meal. Often, these vegetables are so substantial that they can in fact be served alone, for example, baked potato. Root vegetables, not only provide a great deal of starch, they also contain healthy carbohydrates as well as essential vitamins and nutrients. For a list of vitamins in root vegetables, please refer to the vitamins in vegetables page via the main index, where you will find particular details about individual root vegetables as well as interesting and important information and facts about how they can benefit your health and lifestyle!

Facts about Root Vegetables - Health Benefits, Nutrition and Vitamins

  • Root veggies are very popular Christmas and Thanksgiving vegetables

  • Root Vegetables offer a variety of nutritional & health boosting vitamins & nutrients

  • Root Vegetables are an important part of a well-balanced, healthy diet

  • Root Vegetables can contribute significantly to a substantial, healthy meal

  • There are so many Root Vegetables to choose from - something to suit everyone's taste buds - please refer to the list of root veggies below for excellent recipe ideas!

Cassava Potato

A-Z List of Root Vegetables - Health Benefits, Nutrition and Vitamins

Ahipa (Pachyrhizus ahipa)
Arracacha (Arracacia xanthorrhiza)
Bamboo shoot (Bambusa vulgaris and Phyllostachys edulis)
Beetroot (Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris)
Burdock (Arctium lappa)
Broadleaf arrowhead (Sagittaria latifolia)
Camas (Camassia)
Canna (Canna spp.)
Carrot (Daucus carota)
Cassava (Manihot esculenta)
Chinese artichoke (Stachys affinis)
Daikon (Raphanus sativus Longipinnatus group)
Earthnut pea (Lathyrus tuberosus)
Elephant Foot yam (Amorphophallus_paeoniifolius)
Ensete (Ensete ventricosum)
Ginger (Zingiber officinale)
Gobo (Arctium lappa)
Hamburg parsley (Petroselinum crispum var. tuberosum)
Jerusalem artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus)
J�cama (Pachyrhizus erosus)
Manioc (Manihot esculenta)
Mooli (Raphanus sativus Longipinnatus group)
Parsnip (Pastinaca sativa)
Pignut (Conopodium majus)
Plectranthus (Plectranthus spp.)
Potato (Solanum tuberosum)
Prairie turnip (Psoralea esculenta)
Radish (Raphanus sativus)
Horseradish (Armoracia rusticana)

Rutabaga (Brassica napus Napobrassica group)
Salsify (Tragopogon porrifolius)
Scorzonera (Scorzonera hispanica)
Skirret (Sium sisarum)
Swede (Brassica napus Napobrassica group)
Sweet Potato or Kumara (Ipomoea batatas)
Taro (Colocasia esculenta)
Ti (Cordyline fruticosa)
Tigernut (Cyperus esculentus)
Turnip (Brassica rapa Rapifera group)
Ulluco (Ullucus tuberosus)
Water chestnut (Eleocharis dulcis)
Yac�n (Smallanthus sonchifolius)
Yam (Dioscorea spp.)

How to Roast Root Vegetables - Health Benefits, Nutrition and Vitamins

For the perfect root vegetable roast follow these quick and easy recipe instructions:

  • Pour approximately 1 tablespoon of oil into a roasting or baking tray
  • Place the tray in a preheated oven at approximately 180 degrees and allow the oil to heat
  • Wash the root vegetables that you will be roasting
  • Many types of root vegetables can be roasted including carrots, yams, swede, parsnips, sweet potato, taro (please pick from the alphabetical list of root vegetables above)
  • Wash the root vegetables by scrubbing them under cold running water
  • Peel root vegggies if necessary and if desired (please note that the highest nutritional content is within the skin and the layer directly underneath the skin of the vegetable so where possible, try to include it in your root vegetable recipes)
  • Chop root vegetables to roughly the same size so that they cook more or less at the same time
  • Place the chopped root vegetables in the roasting tray, shake the tray to ensure all root vegetables are coated evenly with oil
  • Allow to roast for approximately 25 to 30 minutes, or until tender (Some root veggies may take a little longer to roast)
  • Shake the tray at regular intervals during the roasting process to prevent veggies from burning and to keep them coated in oil
  • Oven roasted root vegetables have a unique taste that is often favored by many people as the roasting process often makes the vegetables a little sweeter and tastier
  • Root roasted vegetables are excellent served with a variety of different meats or fish


Root Vegetables Nutrition - Health Benefits and Vitamins
Root Vegetables offer significant health benefits as they are packed full of nutritional goodness. Root vegetables contain a whole host of vitamins, including a range of B vitamins, as well as other vitamins such as A and C. The vitamin and nutrient variation will depend on each individual root vegetables, for more details about a specific vegetable, please refer to the main index where you will find an A-Z listing of the most popular veggies and the health benefits that they provide.

Root vegetables are easy and quick to cook, they help to form the main part of a healthy meal and should be eaten on a regular basis. Their nutritional value of root veggies is outstanding and can benefit our health and lifestyles tremendously.


Health experts and nutritionists believe that a well-balanced diet that includes at least five portions of fruit and vegetables per day will help to considerably improve our lifestyles and ultimately extend our lives

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